Understanding DSCR Loans: A Simple Guide

What is a DSCR Loan?

A DSCR (Debt Service Coverage Ratio) loan is a specific kind of loan that is used for purchasing income-generating real estate, such as rental homes or apartments. While conventional loans consider the borrower’s income, DSCR loans consider the rental income of the property.

How Does It Work?

Let’s say you want to start a lemonade business and need to get some lemons and sugar first. The person giving you the money would like to know if your stand makes enough to cover the cost of the loan. They compare your income from selling lemonade with the monthly loan repayments you make. This is the same as a DSCR loan.

Calculating DSCR

The DSCR is determined by dividing the income of the property by the debt service of the property. Here’s a simple formula:

DSCR is calculated as follows:

  1. Net Operating Income (NOI):This is the amount of money the property generates after deducting all costs such as repair, management charges, and taxes.
  2. Annual Debt Service (ADS):This is the total amount of money that has to be paid back to the lender annually, with interest and the initial sum combined.

For instance, if your lemonade stand generates $120 of net operating income and you have to pay $100 in loan payments (annual debt service), your DSCR will be 1. 2. This means you get to earn 20% more than the amount you require to repay, which is quite beneficial.

Good and Bad DSCR

  • Good DSCR (Above 1): If the DSCR is above 1, it is an indication that the property generates more cash flow than required to service the debt. This is something that lenders like because it reduces risk.
  • Bad DSCR (Below 1): If the DSCR is less than 1 than it means that the property does not generate enough income to cover the loan repayments. This is dangerous for lenders because it implies that the borrower may be unable to make payments as scheduled.

Pros and Cons of DSCR Loans


  • Focus on Property Income: DSCR loans rely on the income of the property which makes it ideal for investors especially those with good income generating properties.
  • Flexibility:They can be used for various types of properties such as rental homes, apartments, and even businesses.
  • Potential for Better Rates: This means that a high DSCR will result in lower interest rates since it reveals that the property is generating good revenue.


  • High Down Payment:Borrowers may be required to make a larger down payment of even 30% of the property’s value.
  • Interest Rates: Interest rates are often higher than conventional loans, particularly if the DSCR is low.
  • Complex Process: The application process can be more complicated, and the borrower will need to provide the exact information about the property’s income and expenses.

Latest Data on DSCR Loans (2024)

In 2024, the interest rates for DSCR loans are between 7. 1% to 8. ranges between 45% to 57% based on factors such as the borrower’s credit score, loan to value ratio (LTV), and debt service coverage ratio (DSCR). The DSCR ratio is the better, the lower the interest rate


DSCR loans make it easier for real estate investors to secure funding for income-generating properties. It is important for investors to know how much income the property generates and how much of it goes towards paying off the loan so that they can manage their investments and may even get better loan conditions. However, there are some disadvantages, such as a larger down payment and the possibility of higher interest rates.


  • What is a DSCR loan?

A DSCR loan is a loan that is offered to a borrower based on the income of the property and not the income of the borrower.

  • What is the formula used to determine the DSCR?

DSCR is computed by dividing the property’s net operating income by the annual debt service.

  • What is a desirable DSCR?

A DSCR of more than 1 is desirable because it indicates that the property generates enough income to cover the debt service.

  • What are the advantages of DSCR loans?

DSCR loans are based on property income, are versatile for various types of properties, and are likely to yield lower interest rates with a high DSCR.

  • What are the disadvantages of DSCR loans?

Downside may involve higher down payment, higher interest rates and more complicated application procedures.

  • What are the DSCR loan interest rates in 2024?

The interest rates for DSCR loans in 2024 are between 7. 1% to 8. Range from 45% to 57% based on factors such as credit score and debt service coverage ratio.